Date
23 May 2024

Support processing and organisation

Provide a range of supports and visuals to help ākonga to be independent.

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Provide structure

Provide structure

Make learning intentions and expectations explicit at the outset.

Support thinking in multiple ways

Support thinking in multiple ways

  • Highlight patterns, critical features and relationships.
  • Use cultural and narrative frameworks to support retention and thinking.
  • Use visuals, 3D manipulatives, outlines, flowcharts, and real objects.
  • Use mind maps to brainstorm ideas and make connections.
  • Support group and class discussions with visual annotations to prompt later recall of key ideas.
  • Offer students a variety of graphic organisers and flowcharts to support thinking.
  • Give students multiple opportunities to engage with new ideas and concepts.
  • Provide extra time for students to think and process before responding.

Use graphic organisers

Use graphic organisers

Highlight patterns and break down tasks with graphic organisers. See examples at Free graphic organizer templates by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Support concentration

Support concentration

Provide options to support concentration and minimise distractions.
  • Monitor and moderate the classroom for visual and auditory distractions.
  • Encourage students to adapt the environment to meet their needs by, for example, wearing headphones, moving to a quiet environment or taking a walk to support their thinking.
  • Present information in a range of ways over an extended period of time to help students to retain information, build their understanding and stay focused.
  • Discuss with students the effectiveness of the classroom and make modifications and remove barriers where needed.
  • Use of visual prompts and cues to support understanding and access to learning materials.
  • Make links to background knowledge or previous learning to increase connections.
  • Schedule regular short breaks for physical movement.

Support time management

Support time management

Introduce tools such as visual timers to reduce surprise that an activity is over or to signal that a transition is coming.

Useful resources

Useful resources

Website

Classroomscreen

Classroomscreen is a simple online tool that can be displayed onscreen as students complete tasks. The free version includes 19 widgets.

Publisher: Classroomscreen

Visit website

Website

Popplet

Popplet is a tool for the iPad and web to capture and organise ideas.

Publisher: Notion

Visit website

Next steps

More suggestions for implementing the strategy “Helpful classroom strategies years 9-13 ”:

Return to the guide “Autism and learning”

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